Get to Weimar via Fulda and Erfurt (both connected to the German ICE/IC network) with a regional express train. At Weimar Hauptbahnhof (Weimar main station) take the bus no. 6, heading to Vollersroda and exit at 'Wielandplatz'. From here it's 5 minutes to walk.
Motorway A 4, take the exit 'Weimar' and follow the federal highway B 85, later follow the signposts to the city center. There are plenty of parking opportunities around the marketplace.
A good alternative could be a "berlinlinienbus" line 8200 from Hamburg to Munich (and vice versa) which stops at Weimar main station. Other stops are Hanover, Göttingen, Mühlhausen, Gotha and Erfurt (from Hamburg direction) resp. Nuremberg, Bayreuth, Gera and Jena (from Munich direction).
From the Erfurt airport take a tram to Erfurt main station and take a train to Weimar main station here. At Weimar main station take the bus no. 6, heading to Vollersroda and exit at 'Wielandplatz'. From here it's 5 minutes to walk.
Weimar is a Thuringian town which is rich of traditions, which is the home of Schiller and Goethe, but the home of the 'Bauhaus' as well. Many places in this city are evidence of this.
The famous german poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe lived in Weimar between 1775 and his dead in the year 1832. This means that he spent 57 years or approx. two thirds of his life (he was 82 when he died) in this beautiful city. Together with other poets like Friedrich Schiller, Christoph Martin Wieland and Johann Gottfried Herder he shaped the era of the "Weimarer Klassik" (Weimar classicism) essentially.
But Goethe was not only a poet – he was a politician as well. Between 1776 (one year after he came to Weimar) and 1815 he was a secretary of different departments at the royal court of the duchy of Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach). Over the years, his responsibilities were road-building, defense, finances and mining.
The house where Goethe lived is a museum today (Goethe-Nationalmuseum) – as well as Friedrich Schiller's residential house (Schillermuseum), where he lived during the last seven years of his life.
But let's talk about the city itself ... with slightly over 60,000 citizens it's the fourth largest city in Thuringia, after the capital Erfurt, Jena and Gera. The city has two universities: the 'Music Academy Franz Liszt' and the 'Bauhaus University'. The 'Bauhaus' (literally: "house of construction", but it should be seen as "School of building") was established in 1919 by Walter Gropius as an Academy of Art and Design. Till this day, the 'Bauhaus' has a large influence to architecture, (graphical) design, typography and art.
Weimar is abound in palaces and castles. The largest one is the 'Stadtschloss' (City Castle) in the midst of the city center. It was refaced a couple of times and is part of the UNESCO World Heritage "Klassisches Weimar" (Classical Weimar). Today it shelters a museum with a strong focus on painting between 1500 and 1900. Outside the city limits the Belvedere Castle can be found which was the summer residence of the dukes of Saxony-Weimar resp. Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach. This castle is part of the UNESCO World Heritage as well.
The city center is full of spots which are worth to be viewed:
• The old city hall – with its prestigious balcony and the belltower it's one of Weimar's landmarks.
• The city house – a Renaissance building from the 15th century
• The entire market place (the city house can be found here) with amazing buildings around
• The Goethe and Schiller Monument
• The Liszt House (the composer and pianist Franz Liszt lived in Weimar as well) which is a museum nowadays
• Many 'Bauhaus' buildings (see above)
and many more.
Weimar is worth a visit, and one day is not enough for sure.
Escape Address: Tourist-Info, Markt 10, 99423 Weimar, Weimar, Thuringia, Germany
In the vicinity of Weimar there are many hiking trails. The most famous one is the 'Goethewanderweg' (Goethe hiking trail) leading from Weimar to Großkochberg (28 km) and following the route that Goethe frequently walked between 1775 and 1783. It's marked by a white "G" on a green background, and an average hiker should estimate 6-8 hours to cover the distance. The route leads predominantly through coolish forests; hence it's perfectly doable in hot summer months as well.
The former concentration camp 'Buchenwald' is located not far away from Weimar. More than 250,000 people were imprisoned here, and more than 50,000 of them didn't survive. There is a permanent exhibition about the crimes of the Nazis, and the entire area of the former camp can be viewed as well as the iron gate, watchtowers and many other relicts. In a second exhibition the visitor learns all about the use of the area as a prison by the Soviet occupying power during the late 1940s.
Weimar is a shopping city with numerous opportunities to have an extensive shopping tour. The 'Weimar Atrium' offers more than 50 shops, restaurants and bistros as well as a 3D cinema and an indoor playground for toddlers and kids. The 'Goethekaufhaus' which is located in a striking distance of the famous 'Goethe-Schiller-Monument' offers another 20 or more shops with fashion, shoes, beauty/cosmetics etc.