Xanten is accessible with the "NordWestBahn" (a private railway company) from Duisburg Hauptbahnhof which is well connected to the german ICE network, and thus, reachable easily from all over Germany.
Take the highway A3 and exit at "Wesel" or the highway A57 and exit at "Sonsbeck". After leaving the highway, follow the signposts to Xanten. There are parking areas all over the town.
The airports Weeze and Düsseldorf are not so far away (Weeze: 30 km, Düsseldorf: 60 km). From Weeze airport take the bus to Weeze railway station, here take the train to Kleve and then the bus to Xanten. From Düsseldorf airport take a train to Duisburg Hauptbahnhof and take the "NordWestBahn".
Xanten is an old city located in the Lower Rhine area, not far away from the border between Germany and the Netherlands. The city can reflect upon more than 2,000 years of history.
The roots go back to the Roman empire. In the year 13 BC a camp of a Roman legion was founded on the left side of the Rhine. The first proofs of namely assignable civil population (Sugamberer) in this area go back to the year 8 BC. In 9 BC Publius Quinctilius Varus started here his long walk again Armin the Cheruscan (Battle of the Teutoburg Forest).
The name "Xanten" arised during the 8th century AD. A first christian church can be proven for the year 752 AD. In 1228 the city received its town charter by Arc Bishop Heinrich von Molenark. In 1263 the building of the St. Victor Cathedral started which should be finished 281 years later, in 1544. The basilica is classified as the largest cathedral between Cologne and the sea. In 1945 the city (and the cathedral) were destroyed nearly completely and were rebuilt as perfect copies, which lasted up to 1966.
The city is full of historic places which show the city's long history. The "Niblung saga" tells about "Siegfried of Xanten" - the one who killed the dragon. And the "Kriemhild mill", which is the only wind mill in the Lower Rhine area which is run in daily turns even today, got its name from the same tale. The corn is grinded even today, and since 1992 bread is baken inside the mill which is sold at the farmer's markets around.
The LVR-Archeaological Park shows the roman history of the city as well as the amphitheater in Birten (which is a district of Xanten). There are relicts of the "Large roman bath house", and inside the Roman museum there are plenty of exhibits to be viewed. The St. Victor Cathedral can be viewed as well.
There are several buildings from the 16th century to be viewed, such as the "Gothic House" from 1540, the "Arme-Mägde-Haus" (Poor maids house) from the late 16th century. The beautiful towers and gates but also rococo facades from the 18th and 19th century can be viewed.
Today, Xanten is a medium city with all one's heart desires. There are large recreation areas, such as the wildlife reserve "Bislicher Insel", with arctic geese hibernating each year there. Furthermore, here one finds the only beaver population of the Lower Rhine.
Escape Address: Tourist-Information, Kurfürstenstr. 9, 46509 Xanten, Xanten, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
The Xanten Archaeological Park (Archäologischer Park Xanten) is a reconstruction of the Roman Colonia Ulpia Traiana. It can be visited by tourists and is built on the site of the former Roman settlement. It's one of the most frequently visited parks in Germany. View the old city wall with watchtowers, the Amphitheater, the temple, parts of an aqueduct and way more. The Roman museum is a part of the park and can be viewed as well (with the same ticket).
Make a round trip on a ship on the Rhine or on both Xanten lakes, called "Nordsee" (North sea, resp. North lake) and "Südsee" (South sea, resp. South lake). Discover beautiful places in the Lower Rhine area by cruising with the ship over the river or the lakes. The crew of the "MS Seestern" (MS Sea star) welcomes you for a trip on the lakes, the crews of the "Stadt Rees", "River Lady" or "Eureka" welcome you on the River Rhine.
Xanten is the initial point of the long distance bike trails "Römer-Lippe-Route" and "Via Romana". Furthermore it's part of the "2-Länder-Route" (2 countries route - Netherlands and Germany), the "NiederRheinRoute" (Lower Rhine Route) and the "Rheinradweg" (Rhine bike trail) which is a 1,230 km long trail from the source of the Rhine in the swiss Alps to the estuary near Rotterdam in the Netherlands.